Factors Associated with Non-Use of Mosquito Nets for Prevention and Control of Malaria among Rural Communities in Nyagatare District, Rwanda
Ngabire Nkunda Philippe
Kyamusoke Borauzima Kyame
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Malaria is one of the top causes of death and illness in subtropical and tropical region. Taking into consideration the contribution of bed nets use and factors correlated to their non-utilization at community level for prevention and control of malaria is critical to planning and assessing intervention campaigns. Rwanda was expecting Malaria pre-elimination phase in 2017 and the community has to play an important role by using mosquito nets to achieve this Malaria pre-elimination phase. However, the use of mosquito nets differs among families, and such differences of usage can reduce its positive effect. The general objective of this study was to investigate factors related to non-use of mosquito nets for preventing and controlling malaria among communities in the rural area of Nyagatare District-Rwanda. The findings of the study may contribute to design policies and procedures based on what the members of the community needs. A study was conducted among household’s sample selected randomly from 2 rural sectors with high burden of malaria in 2016 - 2017 (Rukomo sector and Tabagwe sector) through questionnaires. Data we reanalyzed using SPSS Version 21. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, percentages, and rage) as well as inferential statistics (correlation, chi-square) between characters were considered. The research findings have shown that 57.8% of Households are headed by female, 98.5% of respondents are above 20 years of age, 74.3% with primary education level, 97.1%of respondents are not employed and 64.1% are married. With regard to sleeping space, 72.3% of respondents used to sleep on floor. This study has shown that the prevalence of ITN use is 57%. In Rwanda, there is a need to maintain universal ITN coverage and ensure that all ITNs are used effectively. It may be useful therefore to educate the population about appropriate sleeping space (bed). It is recommended to conduct a study on local environmental and socio-cultural factors influencing ITN use in Rwanda, so that proper cost effective measures can be taken to improve use.
- Public Health