STARTUP FINANCING AND PROFITABILITY OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN RWANDA
This study examined the relationship between stakeholders participation and sustainability of government projects after closeout, a case of Kirehe Community Based Watershed Management Project (KWAMP). Specific objectives are to find out the influence of passive participation on sustainability of KWAMP project in Kirehe District; interactive participation on sustainability of KWAMP project in Kirehe District; functional participation on sustainability of KWAMP project in Kirehe District; optimum participation on sustainability of KWAMP project in Kirehe District; and the relationship between stakeholder’s participation and sustainability of KWAMP project in Kirehe District. The study used descriptive, and correlative research design. Target population was 340,431 people from different sectors of Kirehe District. Stratified and simple randomly sampling techniques were used to select 100 respondents as sample size. Data collection instruments were questionnaire, interview guide, and document review. Descriptive statistics scores and linear regression were used as methods of data analysis. Findings on the passive contribution among investors and sustainability of KWAMP project confirmed by the plan which does not give the stakeholders an opportunity to give an opinion on what projects are implemented, how and with who, by 87.0% of respondents in KWAMP project. The actions are often sporadic assignation and only happens when a plan deems necessary, confirmed by 81.0% of respondents. The choice of project and manner of implementation rarely counts, were confirmed by 80.0% of respondents from KWAMP project in Kirehe. Findings on the interactive contribution among stakeholders and sustainability of project show an interaction with plan as often engaged and collaborated, confirmed by 72.0% respondents. Having control over decisions whenever attractive with a plan, confirmed by 73.0% respondents. Findings on functional participation among shareholders and sustainability of project confirmed in the way that they are able to form interest groups through which engaged with a plan for greater bargain, as stated by 80.0% respondents. They take times to form committee through which engaged a plan for greater bargain, was confirmed by 80.0% of the respondents. Findings on the optimal participation among stakeholders and sustainability of project were shown on how they have room to analyze the participation context, confirmed by 68.0% of respondents. Collected with plan, they frequently do an analysis of participation effectiveness and seek ways of improving it, confirmed 71.0% respondents. Originated to the outcomes of this study, as conclusion, effective stakeholder’s participation lead to project success, while the lack of part of beneficiaries donate to project failure for attaining its goals. Actual stakeholder’s contribution reaches both communicating and impulsive mobilization. In donor funded water projects, the case of KWAMP Project the organization framework should comprise several actors on various institutional levels.